Hello, hello, hello and welcome to English learning for curious minds by Leonardo English. The show where you can listen to fascinating stories and learn weird and wonderful things about the world. At the same time, as improving your English, I'm out of the barge. And today, we are going to be talking about j.k. Rowling and the battle the published Harry Potter. It's a story of magic and mystery misery and hope the story of loss of perseverance. And ultimately have fairy tale endings aren't always what you might think. And I'm not talking about of the Harry Potter books but rather the story of what it took to publish these books, the story of the creator of Harry Potter JK Rowling
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Okay, then j.k. Rowling and the battle to publish Harry Potter.
On June 26th of 1997 if you were to walk into a Bookshop in the UK and head to the children's section, if you looked carefully, you might see a book with a dark red cover.
There was a drawing on the front of a train with the words Hogwarts Express and a confused looking boy with large round glasses and fluffy hair.
The title of the book was Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone.
Although you wouldn't have known it, this book would go on to change the world and tone. It's a writer JK Rowling into the best selling author in history.
The Journey getting that was far from simple.
Joanne Rowling JK as she's known in the books was born on July 31st of 1965 the same day of the year. As I'm most famous creation, Harry Potter.
She was the first born child and her parents were from happy that they had. Had a daughter, they had hoped for a son and proceeded to treat young Joe. And like a young boy, dressing up in boys clothes and keeping her hair short even after the birth of her younger sister.
She grew up in a village in Southwest England, she lives a middle-class life not completely unlike Harry's.
From an early age, she was obsessed with books and had even written her first short story when she was 6 years old.
Tragedy struck the young Joanne when her mother was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. A devastating disease of the spinal cord and nervous system. Joanne was only 15 years old.
Like many teenagers, she sort escapism in everything from fantasy to music box, was by no means a badly behaved teenager indeed. She was had to go at her school and went on to study French and Plastics at Exeter University. A prestigious University on the Southwest coast of England,
After graduating as she spoke French she used her language skills to pick up a job as a bilingual secretary but her true passion. Real dream was to become an author. She had written some stories but by her own admission, they weren't very good.
It was to be in the summer of 1990, on a delayed train from Kings, Cross Station in London, to Manchester that she was hit by a flash of light. A flash of inspiration for the story that would change her life forever. All of a sudden, this Vision came to her, incredible detail about this boy and the Magical World. He lives in now, if you read Harry Potter or seen the films, you'll know what I'm talking about. Even if you haven't, you probably have some kind of idea.
Rowling started developing this idea of Harry and the wealthy lived. In imagining his friends, teacher's enemies, the magical spells everything that would later become part of the books. The only problem was that Rowling have brought nothing with her on the train. Not a pain nor piece of paper to write with
Once you return to have plants in Clapham Junction in London, where she was living at the time. She began writing everything down as quickly as she could a process, which would continue pretty much for the next 17 years.
During all this time. However, her mother's condition was getting worse and she died at the end of 1990.
Rowling have never told her mother about what she was working on.
Filled with grief and a loss for what to do. She moved to full time in Portugal and took a job as an English teacher. And English teacher is a course in credibly available profession and no doubt Rowling was able to help people improve the English thought, it wasn't recording. It wasn't what she felt. She was destined to do all the time. She has this Burning idea to Harry Building inside her on a personal level. She met and married a Portuguese journalist and they had a child to get Jessica. Thought it was not a happy marriage. Husband was abusive and the relationship ended with rounding fleeing back to the UK without infant daughter.
She moved to Scotland to Edinburgh, to be precise. Where her youngest sister was living picture. This situation for a minute Joanne, Rowling is 28 years old with a small child. She has no job and no income and is relying on social support yet. Deep inside her. She knows that she has this magical story that the world needs to hear.
By this time, she had already written. Most of the first Harry Potter book and indeed. She had also written the last chapter of the very last book of the series, as a way to you in, I had to not give up hope that she had this huge task that needed to be done. Now, as anyone who has had a young baby nose, finding some quiet time alone to do. Anything is Pretty Tough. So, Rowling would push her daughter around in a pram until she fell asleep. Then she would go to a cafe to continue working on Harry Potter.
By 1995. The first book was complete. It was unlike other children's literature at the time as it was filled with dark. Complicated material. Harry is an open. His parents, a dead, he is different, he has near-misses with death. There are people who betray him is friends. Even there is a huge amount of detail in the books from the names and recipes for magic spells through to prices of goods in shops. It's also pretty long at 223 pages.
So when Rowling try to send it out to publishes as you may well know, it was not immediately snapped up, it wasn't an immediate hit. In fact, the first 12 publishes she sent it to rejected. It was too long. It was full of too much detail. It was too dark for children. It was set in a boarding school, which is a type of school, that only a tiny proportion of children. Go to the Publishers, who was, of course, adults. And not the target Rita simply didn't understand
One Publishing House date. It was cooled Bloomsbury but I didn't know. Being for the daughter of one of the publishes a man called Nigel Newton. That's Bloomsbury to would have rejected the book.
Rowling's agent, a man named Christopher little had taken a sample of the book to Bloomsbury office is the head of Bloomsbury publishing Nigel Newson didn't read the sample, instead, taking it home, and giving it to his eight-year-old daughter Alice.
Alice. So The Story Goes took the book upstairs and returned an hour later. Saying Dad this is so much better than anything else.
Newton agreed to publish it and pay drowning a two and a half thousand pound advanced.
two and a half thousand pounds is about 5000 Euros in today's money not so bad times but a tiny amount compared to how much what I'd gone into it and Stephanie tiny compared to how much of an impact the books would have
It was enough to pay for rent, a nappies for a few months, but certainly not enough to provide a large Financial cushion surrounding indeed. One of the Publishers from bleeding Street, a man named. Barry Cunningham latest said in an interview that he was worried about Rowling's ability to continue to support myself as she was a young mother without a job living on benefits. He told her, she would never make any money from publishing children's books, and even encouraged her to get a day job in might seem ridiculous now, but at the time, it was very rare for children's office to make enough money to support themselves. Obviously, this wouldn't be the case with Joanne Rowling.
As you will know, the book wasn't published under the name Joanne. Rowling. As the publishes, the young boys wouldn't want to read a book written by a female author. So Joanne chose the gender-neutral. Initials J K with K coming from her paternal, grandmother's name Kathleen,
When the book was eventually published in June of 1997, there was no great and Fano. Great celebration across the country. It was a children's book like any other children's book.
But sure, enough. As kids across the country began to you, take it out and news began to spread more and more copies were sold every week without any real marketing behind it. The book was becoming a sensation. It was simply so good. That kids told other kids, parents told all the parents and everyone wanted to read it. If you are my sort of age, perhaps you can relate to this. I was just ten years old when the first book came out and I can remember being completely captivated by it and everyone took me about this.
Of course, I knew nothing about the woman behind the book and the struggles that she had gone through to publish its. But when, you know about j.k. Rowling a lot more of the Harry Potter books about to make sense,
For example, Kings Cross station plays, an important role in the books, as that's where the train leaves from to go to Hogwarts. It is a real train station in London, and it was the place we're rounding. First, have the idea for the books, and he was also the place where her parents first met. Rowling has a deeply loving relationship with a mother. She never told her mother about Harry Potter and has publicly spoken about how much he regretted not doing this. And how much she wished she had more time with her mother before she dies.
If you read the books, you'll remember that this sense of loss is something that Harry feels surrounds and he has frequent dreams and Visions about his dead parent and Rowling had a deeply troubled relationship with her father. From a young age, rounding always felt that she had disappointed him first by the water notice am and it seemed that nothing she could do would get his approval or make him happy.
Furthermore, her father remarried soon after his wife's death to his secretary, no less which Rowling found distressing and she cut out to Father, completely from my life.
Again, if you remember the story of Harry Potter, there is the constant theme of a search for a father. Take out if someone who will fill the Gap left in Harry's life to the death of his own father and especially compared to other children's fiction, the Harry Potter stories are dark and Bleak people dying. There is danger, a lot of it just isn't very happy when, you know what JK Rowling went through. As she was writing, the stories from the abusive relationship with her first husband through to the prolonged, multiple sclerosis, and death of her adored mother been struggling to make ends meet with a young daughter. Well, it seems perfectly understandable that there is a lot of Darkness indeed. She wants spoke about the deep depression that she felt when she was in Edinborough. Writing the first book describing it as being characterized by a numbness.
A coldness and an inability to believe you will feel happy again. The color drained out of life. Now, if you remember the Dementors from the Harry Potter books, be nasty creatures that first appeared in the third book, they are described as investing. The darkest filthiest places, they glory in Decay and to spay the dream, peace and happiness. After the ad around them,
Butcher meat for drowning, the books were to prove to be her Escape after the rip-roaring success of the first book. That was a bidding war for the publishing rights to take it to the United States, a Publishing House, cooled Scholastic, paid $105,000 for the rights to the first book, and it was a phenomenal success.
JK Rowling had become a celebrity offer and the book series would go on to sell over half a billion copies worldwide and turn it over into the best-selling and subsequently wealthiest offer in history.
It has been translated into over 80 languages, including everything from Scott's to Sebastian and happy Reds and loved by hundreds of millions of children all over the world.
Although there are plenty of criticisms that have been leveled against JK Rowling over the years, too many for us, even to go into. Now, it is undeniable that there are few people go through magic and joy to as many people as JK Rowling.
She had to overcome some serious obstacles to get where she wanted to go. But in the end she got back and created Harry Potter. The boy with a scar on his forehead. A creation that would change the world forever.
Okay. Then, that is 84 this look at JK Rowling and the battle to publish Harry Potter in our next members only episode. We are actually going to explore the subject a little bit further and look at how Harry Potter change. The cultural landscape with everything from its effect on children's literature through to its effect on fan culture and Britain soft. As always, I would love to know what you thought about this episode. Are you a Harry Potter fan? What did the Harry Potter, books? Mean to you grown up? Or what do they mean? Your did you know about the struggles of JK Rowling and how does knowing about them affect your relationship with the books? If I told him, I would love to know for the members among you, you can head right into our community Forum which is a community. Leonardo english.com and get chatting away to other curious minds.
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